The roof of a modern home is not just a covering for it, existing in order to protect it from rain, snow and sunlight. The roof is a kind of continuation of the house in architectural terms, thanks to which its general appearance is formed. Moreover, the general comfort of the house depends on what type of roof is installed on the house.
Although, the roof should be not only beautiful, but also reliable. In principle, there are many types of roofs for private houses, but the most common are only a few of them, which will be discussed in this article.
Roofs depending on design features
So, generally speaking, all roofs, in terms of their features, are structurally divided into pitched and flat. Both those and others have a number of advantages and disadvantages.
For example, at present, flat roofs are practically not used in the construction of residential private houses. The reason lies in the fact that a slope of 3 degrees, which has a roof of this type, leads to the fact that precipitation does not “roll off” it well. This means that there is no need to talk about the good reliability of a flat roof.
And in terms of design, a flat roof loses a lot to a pitched roof. Therefore, in most cases, a flat roof is equipped if it is planned to organize any additional space on it, such as a pool, front garden or terrace.
Much more practical in this regard is a pitched roof, which has a number of advantages over a flat roof. A sufficient slope angle helps the roof to clear itself of water and snow, and is generally a more robust structure than a flat roof. Under such a roof, you can easily make an attic or attic.
Despite a number of advantages, the pitched roof also has some disadvantages, which are associated with the high cost of construction and the complexity of its repair during operation.
Attic and non-attic pitched roofs
It is fair to say that the owner of the future home is trying to choose one of several proposed roof options. Those. either an attic type structure or an attic (attic).
The attic-type roof is distinguished by its simplicity of construction, so such a roof can be easily built even on your own. Very often, the slope angle of the attic roof depends on the type of roofing material. In this case, one should take into account both the load that such a roof must hold, and the cost of the building material during its construction.
In addition, this type provides for the possibility of repair without replacing the entire roof. If the choice is made in favor of an attic roof, then it is necessary to immediately determine whether the attic will be used in the future or not. Those. it is on this decision that the choice of the upper ceiling of the attic will depend, which can be either wooden or reinforced concrete.
Another type of roof is the attic. She’s an attic. Its main difference from other types of attic roofs in private houses is that the outer walls in this case will be roof structures. Such a roof is very original, therefore the appearance of the house itself will be very unusual.
And all would be fine, but the working area of the attic space in this case decreases, and the process of erecting a mansard roof is very difficult and it is not easy to cope with it on your own without appropriate experience.
As a rule, the roofless roof has some break, therefore, in order to strengthen it, it is necessary to put wooden supports from the inside. However, with the proper imagination, you can also benefit from this if you sheathe such props with plywood and turn all this into useful cabinets and niches for temporarily unnecessary things.
Varieties of pitched roofs in geometric shapes
In addition, the design features of the roofs can determine the different shapes of the roofs of private houses.
At the moment, the shed roof is considered the simplest and cheapest. This is a flat view of a roof that rests on walls of varying heights. As a result, the roof is tilted in one direction. It is usually most commonly used in the construction of sheds, garages and other outbuildings.
But often it can be seen on country houses. For all its advantages, the main disadvantage of such a roof is that it is impossible to equip an attic in a house with such a roof. And its appearance leaves much to be desired.
A 2-pitched roof is common in villages and small towns. This type of roof has come down to our days since ancient times. As you might guess, such a roof consists of 2 slopes connected to each other with a “ridge”. It is interesting that such slopes are both symmetrical with respect to each other, and differ from each other in the angle of inclination or length.
Under such a roof, you can easily equip an attic or attic. This type of roof can be safely considered the most practical and most common. The portions of the walls of a building that delimit the attic space on either side are called gables.
If instead of gables 2 slopes of a triangular shape are installed, then this roof is called hip roof, and the slopes themselves are called hips. The upper part of the slopes has dormer windows. If we compare this type of roof with the one discussed above, then it is much more difficult to build it.
Therefore, the construction of such a roof should be trusted only by professionals. But the resistance of such roofs to precipitation and strong winds is simply phenomenal.
Half hip roof
The semi-hip type of roof is considered an intermediate link between 2-pitched and hip roofs. The end gables in this case are made in the form of a trapezoid, and their top is covered with half-hips. As a rule, in such roofs on the pediment, you can place a completely full-fledged window, and the half-hips themselves are quite interesting decorative elements.
There is another type of half-hip roof, when the lower part of the pediment is simply overlapped with a slope. This allows you to ensure the correct triangular shape of the remaining part of the pediment, in which the dormer is usually organized. If you judge such a roof by its appearance, then it is of rather great interest to designers.
The hip roof has another variety, which is called the hipped roof. Structurally, it has 3 or more slopes, converging at one upper point. This type of roof does not have a ridge, moreover, the symmetry of the slopes in relation to each other is simply amazing. If the house has the shape of a regular polygon or square, then it usually uses a hipped roof type.
In terms of wind resistance, this type of roof has proven itself quite well. In addition, from the point of view of design ideas, there are few alternatives to such roofs.
If the building is in the form of a complex polygon, then it is usually covered with a multi-gable roof. Such roofs are very complex structurally due to their complex rafter system. However, with a successful design of such a roof, a very unique structure can be created.
The types of mansard roofs of private houses often include a broken type of roof. This roof is sometimes referred to as a mansard roof. They have a fairly large angle of inclination of the bend, which makes it possible to more fully use the usable area of the attic in the building.
Dome and tapered roofs
Dome and conical roofs are very rare in private residential buildings. As a rule, these structures are rounded structures, however, they do not cover all the premises of the house, but only its individual elements, which, for example, include round verandas or decorative turrets.
But the most complex structures are combined types of roofs. In simpler terms, such roofs are combinations of multi-gable, hip, half-hip structures. Despite this, if the cottage has a combined roof, then its very unusual appearance attracts attention, because it has a large number of dormer windows, covered small balconies, as well as open and closed verandas. And all would be fine, but such roofs are not easy to build and maintain in the future.
Be that as it may, but the roofs, regardless of their shape or type, are constantly being improved and supplemented with new elements.